The EU will introduce a full ban of persons recognition systems in public places16 октября, 2021
The European Data Protection Inspector (EDPB) and the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) published a joint report on biometric systems based on artificial intelligence. Regulators call for a complete ban on automatic recognition of persons in any public places from private shops to football stadiums. Representatives of EDPS and EDPB believe that biometric identification creates «extremely high risks», therefore it cannot be used in the state or private sectors.
«Deploying remote biometric identification in publicly available places means the end of anonymity in these places. Applications such as recognizing persons in real time violate basic rights and freedoms to such an extent that they may question the essence of these rights and freedoms. This requires the immediate use of a warning approach, «said EDPB Chairman Andrea Elinek and Head of EDPS Wojciech Vevyurovski.
According to regulators, legislative and law enforcement agencies must build a full-fledged infrastructure in order to prevent potential harm from individual recognition. And in some cases, believe in EDPB and EDPS, it may be impossible. For this reason, only one output remains — a full ban, regardless of the developers and suppliers of such solutions.
In addition to calling for a ban on biometric observation, the departments called for a completely banning technologies that share people into groups on ethnicity, sex, political and sexual orientation, as well as on other criteria specified in Article 21 of the Charter of Basic Rights. The bill also provides for the refusal of social ratings, whose analogues are gradually being introduced in China and other Asian countries.
By-products developed on the basis of person recognition systems should also be limited. In particular, the technologies for analyzing the emotional and physical condition of a person. This type of AI should be prohibited for a rare exception — for example, hospitals will be able to use medical for medical purposes if the patient provides its consent.
The last EDPB and EDPs paragraph allocated supervision of systems based on artificial intelligence used in public places. Representatives of the Offices explained that the European Council for AI (EAIB) cannot manage biometric systems — due to an important political role in Europe. EDPB and EDPS propose to transfer the right to supervise such systems based on AI autonomous authority that will not be interested in political influence.
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